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Frances Arnold, George Smith & Gregory Winter Honored With Nobel Prize 2018 In Chemistry

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| October 3 , 2018 , 18:27 IST

Frances Arnold, George Smith, Gregory Winter are the three researchers who “harnessed the power of evolution” to produce enzymes and antibodies that have led to new drugs and biofuels have named winners of the Nobel Prize in chemistry.

Frances Arnold of the California Institute of Technology. The other half is shared by George Smith of the University of Missouri and Gregory Winter of the MRC molecular biology lab in Cambridge, England.

On Wednesday, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said that Arnold conducted the first directed evolution of enzymes, includes “more environmentally friendly manufacturing of chemical substances such as pharmaceuticals and the production of renewable fuels.”

Smith developed a method to evolve new proteins and Winter used the method to evolve antibodies, which are disease-fighting proteins in the blood.

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"Very few research breakthroughs are novel. Virtually all of them build on what went on before. It’s happenstance. That was certainly the case with my work,” he said. “Mine was an idea in a line of research that built very naturally on the lines of research that went before.”

Smith told a media agency, “It’s a standard joke that someone with a Swedish accent calls and says you won! But there was so much static on the line, I knew it wasn’t any of my friends,” he said.

The medicine prize was awarded Monday to American and Japanese researchers. Scientists from the United States.

On Tuesday, researchers from the United States, Canada and France were awarded the physics prize for advances in laser technologies.

The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize is to be announced on Friday. No literature prize will be awarded this year. The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, honouring the man who endowed the five Nobel Prizes, will be revealed on Oct. 8.

Sameen Ahmed Khan

Gregory Paul Winter was the recipient of the "1995 King Faisal International Prize for Medicine" Sameen Ahmed KHAN Dhofar University Salalah Sultanate of OMAN