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Tony Abbott Ousted By Malcolm Turnbull, Australia To Have A New Prime Minister,

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| September 14 , 2015 , 14:21 IST

Australia will have a new prime minister after Tony Abbott was ousted as leader of the Liberal Party by cabinet minister Malcolm Turnbull. In a hastily-arranged party leadership ballot, Abbott, who had been plagued by poor opinion polls, received 44 votes to Mr Turnbull's 54.

Liberal MPs also voted for Julie Bishop to remain deputy leader of the party. Australia PM faces leadership challenge ormer Australian Liberal Party leader and Communications Minister Malcolm Turnbull speaks to the media that he asked Prime Minister Tony Abbott to open up the party's leadership to an internal vote at Parliament House in Canberra, Monday, Sept. 14, 2015. Australia's beleaguered prime minister could face a second challenge to his position this year, as the two-year-old conservative coalition government struggles in opinion polls. (Lukas Coch/AAP Image via AP) This was Abbott's second challenge to his position this year. Former Liberal Party leader and Communications Minister Malcolm Turnbull asked Abbott to open the party's leadership to an internal vote as the two-year-old conservative coalition government struggles in opinion polls. The contest pitted Abbott, a man who has been described as one of the most socially conservative Australian prime ministers in decades against a challenger some think is not conservative enough. Unlike Abbott, Turnbull supports gay marriage, wants Australia to replace the British monarch with an Australian president as head of state, and backs a policy of making polluters pay for their carbon gas emissions. Turnbulll had earlier said the government was doomed to defeat with Abbott at the helm. "Ultimately, the prime minister has not been capable of providing the economic leadership our nation needs," Turnbull told reporters. "He has not been capable of providing the economic confidence that business needs." The vote continues an extraordinarily volatile period in Australian federal politics, especially as the Liberals were elected in 2013 as a stable alternative to the then Labor government. Labor came to power under Kevin Rudd at elections in 2007, only to dump him for his deputy Julia Gillard in 2010 months ahead of elections. The bitterly divided and chaotic government then dumped Gillard for Rudd just months before the 2013 election. Before Rudd was elected in 2007, John Howard was in power for almost 12 years. The government has trailed the opposition in a range of opinion polls since April last year. Abbott survived a leadership challenge from within his party in February that was prompted by those polls and what some say were questionable judgments he made. At the time, Abbott asked his colleagues to give him six months to improve his government's popularity. That deadline passed without a change in polling. General elections are due around September next year. Turnbull, a 60-year-old former lawyer and merchant banker known for his moderate views, has long been considered Abbott's chief rival. Turnbull was opposition leader for two years before he lost a party-room ballot by a single vote to Abbott in 2009. His downfall was his belief that Australia should make polluters pay for their greenhouse gas emissions. Opinion polls show that Turnbull is more popular than Abbott, but many of those who prefer him vote for the center-left Labor Party. Turnbull is the type of classical liberal that has become rare in the oddly named party, which has been overrun by conservatives in recent decades. It was called the Liberal Party when it was established in the early 1940s because it believed in individual freedoms, while their Labor opponents favored state control and heavy regulation. Abbott and Turnbull are both Rhode scholars. Abbott, a 57-year-old former Roman Catholic seminarian, has long suffered an image problem, particularly among women. He is regarded as gaffe-prone and old-fashioned in his views on women's place in society. Turnbull is a self-made multimillionaire regarded by some as arrogant and has been nicknamed "The Silvertail," an Australian term for wealth and privilege.

Malcolm Turnbull Sworn In As 29th Prime Minister Of Australia | Focus News

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