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After Hydrogen Bomb Test, North Korea And Pakistan Relations Worry India

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| September 8 , 2017 , 10:10 IST

The hydrogen bomb test that North Korea claimed it carried out successfully on September 3, gave fresh worries to nations around the world, ranging from the United States to Japan to the United Nations and India, regarding the chances that Pyongyang may use the warhead on missiles.

However, for India, more than the worry of North Korea using its nuclear armaments is the concern of the clandestine quid pro quo relation between Pakistan and North Korea regarding nuclear and missile proliferation. At a time when global powers are calling for sanctions on North Korea, Pakistan and China continue to deal with the rogue nation.

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In the past, Pakistan has helped North Korea with nuclear weapon enrichment technologies while North Korea supplied Pakistan with missile design technologies. For example, Pakistan's 'Ghauri-I' missile is a derivative of the North Korean 'Nodong' missile.

China helped provide Pakistan with designs for low-yield uranium devises and helped North Korea in missile design technologies.

Pakistan has been expanding its nuclear and ballistic missile arsenals at a rapid pace, overtaking India in the number of warheads and the variety of delivery systems. While India has around 110-120 warheads, Pakistan is estimated to have around 130-140.

ALSO READ: India Deplores North Korea's Nuclear Test: External Ministry

"Pakistan has also supplemented its enriched uranium-based nuclear programme with a weapons-grade plutonium one in a major way. Plutonium makes for more efficient warheads for missiles," said an official.

For the first time in January 2017, Pakistan tested a 2,200-km range Ababeel ballistic missile which carries a MIRV (multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles) payload which means that the single missile can carry multiple nuclear warheads with each programmed to target different areas.