On National Science Day, Remembering The Great C V Raman And Other Pioneers

| February 28 , 2018 , 13:04 IST

National Science Day is celebrated in India on February 28 each year to mark the discoveries of Indian physicist CV Raman and to widely spread the message about the importance of science used in the daily life of individuals.

To display all the activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for human welfare, the celebration comprises of various science model exhibitions based on different themes and concepts.

The key objective of this occasion is to encourage the scientifically minded citizens of the country to discover something novel and to popularize the field of Science and Technology.

As CV Raman is considered to be a pioneer of India, here are 5 other pioneers, that have made India proud and established the name of the nation in their respective fields at a global level. 

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman: Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman is known for the discovery of a phenomenon in 1928 that came to be known as the “Raman Effect”. The Raman Effect discovered experimentally that monochromatic light is scattered when it is allowed to pass through a substance, and that the scattered light contains some additional frequencies other than that of incident frequency.

February 28th is celebrated as National Science day every year to commemorate his "Raman Effect" discovery. C.V.Raman was the first non-white Asian Indian to win Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for his discovery.

Aryabhata: The biggest contribution to the history of mathematics is the number ‘zero’. Aryabhata is regarded as the first person to introduce the concept of ‘zero’ & its integration in the place-value system is the biggest contributions to the global knowledge database.

Sushruta: The first cataract surgery is believed to have been performed by the ancient Indian physician, Sushruta. To remove the cataract from the eyes, he used a curved needle, Jabamukhi Salaka, to loosen the lens & push the cataract out of the field vision.

Acharya Charak: An ancient system of healthy living, Ayurveda was developed in India centuries ago. Acharya Charak is one of the principal contributors to Ayurveda. In a world that is moving towards natural recourses to ailments, Ayurveda is a treasure trove of knowledge.

Jagadish Chandra Bose: Recognized as one of the fathers of wireless communication, Jagadish Chandra Bose, an Indian scientist, publicly demonstrated the use of radio waves for communication in Kolkata in 1895.

“Indian land has given birth to many great scientists. On one hand, there are great mathematicians like Baudhayana, Bhaskara, Brahmagupta and Aryabhatta. On the other hand, greats such as Sushruta and Charaka in the field of medicine are our pride,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi in ‘Mann Ki Baat’