A name the whole country knows is Shaheed Bhagat Singh, whose 111th birth anniversary is on September 28. He was an Indian nationalist considered to be one of the most powerful revolutionaries of the Indian independence. He is often referred to as Shaheed Bhagat Singh, the word "shaheed" meaning "martyr " in a number of Indian languages
Here are some fact about Shaheed Bhagat Singh you should know about it :
- Bhagat Singh, a Sandhu Jat, was born in September 1907 to a Sikh family in Banga village, Jaranwala Tehsil in the Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India (present Pakistan). His family had earlier involved in revolutionary activities against the British rule in the country.
- As a child, Bhagat Singh used to spoke about growing guns in the fields to fight the British.
- When Singh was only 12 years old, he bunked school to visit the site of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre just hours after thousands of unarmed people had been killed.
- Bhagat Singh never liked Gandhi's philosophy of non-violence. After the 1922 Chauri Chaura incident, Singh joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and began to advocate for the violent overthrow of the British Government in India.
- He was not interested in marrying so to avoid the arranged marriage, he ran away to Kanpur and drop a letter behind that read "My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now."
- Singh was arrested on the wrong excuse that he got involved in a bombing when the British police got aware of Singh's influence on youth.
- Singh was a great writer during his college time and he won so many prices in his college days he wrote for an edited Urdu and Punjabi newspapers, that was published from Amritsar, he also contributed to low- priced pamphlets published by the Naujawan Bharat Sabha that excoriate the British. He also wrote briefly for the Veer Arjun newspaper, published in Delhi and for Kirti, the journal of the Kirti Kisan Party. From May to September 1928, Singh published a series of articles on anarchism in Kirti. He often used pseudonyms such as Balwant, Ranjit and Vidhrohi for publishing his writings.
- On April 8, 1929, Singh, accompanied by Batukeshwar Dutt, threw two bombs into the Central Assembly chamber. The bombs were made from low-grade explosives and hence, were designed not to kill
- During his stay in prison, Bhagat Singh coined the word "political prisoner". In jail, he demanded that he and his friends be given basic facilities that other prisoners in the jail were entitled to
- Singh was hanged an hour ahead of the official time on March 23, 1931.
He also wrote books that inspired our new generation and got them motivated. Here are some books :
1) Bhagat Singh, On The Path of Liberation
2)”The Jail Notebook and Other Writings”
3) “Why I Am an Atheist” an essay.