National

President Kovind Announces 'Bharat Ratna' For 'Pranab Mukherjee, Bhupen Hazarika And Nanaji Deshmukh'

HARSH RANJAN | 1
3908
| January 25 , 2019 , 21:26 IST

President Ram Nath Kovind has awarded former president Pranab Mukherjee with Bharat Ratna on the eve of the 70th Republic Day.

According to a statement issued by the Rashtrapati Bhavan, late Assamese singer Bhupen Hazarika and late social activist Nanaji Deshmukh will also be awarded the Bharat Ratna, posthumously.

Pranab Kumar Mukherjee (born 11 December 1935) is an Indian politician who served as the 13th President of India from 2012 until 2017. 

In a political career spanning five decades, Mukherjee has been a senior leader in the Indian National Congress and has occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India.

Prior to his election as President, Mukherjee was Union Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012. In 2017, Mukherjee decided not to run for re-election and to retire from politics after leaving the presidency due to "health complications relating to old age". His term expired on 25 July 2017.

He was succeeded as President by Ram Nath Kovind. In June 2018 Mukherjee became first former President of India to address a Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh event.

Bhupen Hazarika (8 September 1926 - 5 November 2011) was an Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet and film-maker from Assam, widely known as Sudhakantha.

His songs, written and sung mainly in the Assamese language by himself, are marked by humanity and universal brotherhood and have been translated and sung in many languages, most notably in Bengali and Hindi.

His songs, based on the themes of communal amity, universal justice and empathy, have become popular among the people of Assam, besides West Bengal and Bangladesh.

He received the National Film Award for Best Music Direction in 1975. Recipient of Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1987), Padmashri (1977), and Padmabhushan (2001).

Hazarika was also awarded Dada Saheb Phalke Award (1992), India's highest award in cinema, by the Government of India and Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship (2008), the highest award of the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's The National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama.

He was posthumously awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second-highest civilian award, in 2012. Hazarika also held the position of the Chairman of the Sangeet Natak Akademi from December 1998 to December 2003.

Chandikadas Amritrao Deshmukh also known as Nanaji Deshmukh (11 October 1916 – 27 February 2010) was a social activist from India.

He worked in the fields of education, health, and rural self-reliance, and was honoured with the Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India.

He was a leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and also a member of the Rajya Sabha
Deshmukh became inspired by Lokamanya Tilak and his nationalist ideology, as well as showing an acquired interest in social service and activities.

In 1940, after Hedgewar's death, many youngsters inspired by him joined the R.S.S. in Maharashtra. Deshmukh was among those enthused youths who joined the RSS devoting their whole life in service to the nation.

When in 1947, the RSS decided to launch two journals Rashtradharma, Panchjanya and a newspaper called Swadesh, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was assigned the responsibility of the editor and Deen Dayal Upadhyaya was made the Margdharshak with Nanaji as the managing director.

Deshmukh had worked as RSS pracharak in Uttar Pradesh and his groundwork proved of great help in organising BJS at the grassroots.

By 1957 BJS had established its units at each and every district in Uttar Pradesh and credit for this goes to the Nanaji who had extensively travelled all over the state.

He was successful in bringing leaders of different political backgrounds on one platform to give Uttar Pradesh its first non-Congress government.

After retirement from active politics, Deshmukh then served Deendayal Research Institute that he himself had established way back in 1969.

Deshmukh died on 27 February 2010 in the premises of Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya that he established.