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On Maharana Pratap’s 478th Birth Anniversary, Know All About The Legendary Rajput Ruler

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| May 9 , 2018 , 12:58 IST

A great warrior and a true patriot Maharana Pratap was born May 9 in 1540. He was a Rajput king and the 54th ruler of Mewar. He was said to be a real hero of the Rajput kingdom.

Maharana Pratap was the son of Maharana Udai Singh and the 54th ruler of Mewar. He was a standalone ruler who fought for his native land against Mughal supremacy till his death.

Chittorgarh was one of the most fiercely contested states between Akbar and Rana Pratap. In 1567, Emperor Akbar attacked Chittorgarh but Rana Pratap continued to defy Akbar.

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Akbar tried his best to bring Rana Pratap under his clutches, but all in vain. No compromise could be arrived with Rana Pratap and Akbar declared a war. The battle of Haldighati fought between Maharana Pratap and Akbar's forces which was one of the major milestones in the 1570's.

Along with Rana Pratap, his courageous and faithful horse named ‘Chetak’ also played an essential role in this battle. Despite being deeply injured in the battle, just to save Pratap's life it jumped over a big canal. As soon as the canal was crossed, Chetak fell down and died, saving his master's life, risking its own. Maharana Pratap constructed a beautiful garden at the place where Chetak died.

The battle ended in a dead end and Maharana Pratap made his descendants promise that they would not sleep on beds, nor live in palaces, nor eat off metal utensils.

In the last ten years of his life, Maharana Pratap ruled in relative peace as he liberated most of Mewar, including Udaipur and Kumbhalgarh. Maharana Pratap Singh is now also called the light and life of the Hindu community.

Maharana Pratap was also a patron of the Arts. During his rule, the poems like Padmavat Charita and Dursa Ahada were written.  Ubheshwar, Kamal Nath and Chavand are the palaces which are the testaments of the Rana Pratap’s love for architecture.