Nation Pays Tribute To Father Of The Nation Mahatma Gandhi On 150th Birth Anniversary

| October 2 , 2018 , 08:20 IST

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi and the father of the nation, is synonymous with the practice of non-violence and is famous across the world. The occasion of his birth anniversary is celebrated as a national holiday 'Gandhi Jayanti'.

One of the most prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement against the British rule, Mahatma Gandhi preached and practised nonviolent civil disobedience, proving to the world that goals can be met without resorting to violence. He was first given the title of 'Mahatma' in 1914 in South Africa and since then has been known as Mahatma Gandhi.

Mahatma Gandhi was born in a merchant family in coastal Gujarat and trained in law in London after which he first employed the nonviolent civil disobedience technique in South Africa for the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. In 1915, he returned to India and led the fight for Independence from British rule, which India won in 1947.

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Lovingly called as Bapu, Mahatma Gandhi was the first who bought the concept of Satyagraha into the existence, against the British rule. In 1917, Gandhi launched Satyagraha from Champaran, Bihar, known as the first non-violent resistance to the British rule. He also launched other movements like Non-co-operation, Salt March, Non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948, by Hindu nationalist Nathuram Godse. The date January 30, the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi is celebrated as Martyr's Day across India.

On Mahatma Gandhi's 150th birth anniversary, people from across the nation paid tribute to the great leader.