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Chandra Shekhar Azad’s 87th Death Anniversary: Legend Who Never Surrendered To British Rule

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| February 27 , 2019 , 12:12 IST

The nation paid respect to the great revolutionary Chandra Shekhar Azad on his 87th death anniversary on Wednesday, who died fighting the British in 1931. Azad had killed himself on February 27at the age of 25, in keeping with his pledge not to be caught alive by the British.

Azad was born with the name Chandra Shekhar Tiwari, on 23 July 1906. He joined the 1921 Non-cooperation movement by Mahatma Gandhi after Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of 1919 in which hundreds of civilians were killed by the British Army.

However, he was arrested, and famously gave himself the name of “Azad” which means freedom and through which he became popular across the nation and beyond.

After he was suspended from the movement by Gandhi, Shekar had a more violent turnover and later became acquainted with Ram Prasad Bismil, with whom he established the Hindustan Republican Association.

He was involved in the Kakori Train Robbery of 1925, in the attempt to blow up the Viceroy of India's train in 1926, and at last the shooting of J. P. Saunders at Lahore in 1928 to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.

On 27 February 1931 when he saw a policeman pointing out his fingers towards him, Azad immediately dragged out his colt pistol from the pocket and fired at Nott-Bower, hitting him in the right wrist.

During the initial encounter, Azad suffered a severe bullet wound in his right thigh, making it difficult for him to escape. Finally, with one bullet in his pistol at this juncture, the great rebellion shot himself, keeping his pledge to never be captured alive.

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On the occasion of Chandra Shekhar Azad's 87th death anniversary, Twitter was flooded with tributes for the courageous freedom fighter.