87th Death Anniversary of Chandra Shekhar Azad, The Great Indian Revolutionary

| February 27 , 2018 , 12:48 IST

The nation is remembering Chandra Shekhar Azad on his 87th death anniversary on Tuesday. He was a revolutionary, who died for the country and whose sacrifices have become immortal in the history of Indian independence struggle.

Born on July 23, 1906, in Bhabhra village of  Madhya Pradesh, Azad's actual name was Chandra Shekar Tiwari. He joined Gandhi ji's non-cooperation movement at the age of 15, following the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre.

When he was 16 years old he was arrested by the police while protesting in a freedom movement. He was presented in the court where the Magistrate asked him, " What is your name? Where do you live? What is your father’s name?"

He replied, "My name is Azad, my father's name is Swatantrata and prison cell is the place where I live". The Magistrate was astonished by his answer and the young Azad was sentenced to fifteen canes. He was beaten very severely. When he came out from the prison he was highly honoured by the citizens and profusely garlanded. This day onwards, Chandra Shekhar Tiwary became Chandra Shekhar Azad.

Azad later became an active member of Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organisation and started working for the independence movement.

ALSO READ: Nation Pays Tribute To Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya On His 50th Death Anniversary  

He was also involved in the famous Kakori Train Robbery of 1925. Azad was furious at the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai and pledged to take revenge. He shot Saunders, the assistant superintendent responsible for Lalaji's killing.

Azad died on February 27, 1931, at Alfred Park, Allahabad, when the police surrounded him after being tipped off by an informant about his location. He killed three policemen.

In the end, as he had made a promise to himself that he’ll never be captured by the police alive, he shot himself dead. Alfred Park was renamed as Chandra Shekhar Azad park in his memory. His pistol is on display at the Allahabad Museum.

This day, the people of the nation salute his martyrdom and observe his sacrifices as a moment of pride.