179th Birth Anniversary Of Jamsetji Tata; Know Some Important Facts About Him

| March 3 , 2018 , 14:23 IST

Jamsetji Tata, whose 179th birth anniversary is on Saturday, ranks among the top pioneers of the Indian industry. He was instrumental in enabling the country’s leap into the modern industrial age.

Jamsetji Tata was born on March 3, 1839, in a small town of Gujarat.

He was an Indian industrialist and entrepreneur who founded the Tata Group, India’s biggest conglomerate. The Tata Group of industries which today encompasses seven business sectors and operates in over 80 countries throughout the world is believed to be India's best-known global brand within and outside the country.

The massive success which the Tata Group enjoys today was the result of the vision and mission of Jamsetji Tata.

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Every year, on his birth anniversary, the entire steel city (Jamshedpur) wears a festive look with bright illumination even as the tourist hotspot Jubilee Park is being bathed in colours.

Here are some interesting facts related to Jamsetji Tata:

Jamshedpur is known as Tata Nagar in the name of Jamsetji Tata.

He was born in a family of priests and was expected to become a priest.

In very young age, he started helping his father in his export-trading firm. Jamsetji worked hard and helped to establish its branches in Japan, China, Europe and the United States.

Tata married Hirabai Daboo. Their sons, Dorabji Tata and Ratanji Tata, succeeded Tata as the chairman of the Tata Group.

He was fond of travelling and travelled around the world.

He was an idealist and philanthropist who believed that India’s development depended upon the harnessing of her finest minds, and through disciplined industrialization. 

Once on a ship to the USA in 1893, he met with Swami Vivekananda. He was inspired by his personality and connected deeply with his thoughts.

As per legends, Jamsetji Tata was refused entrance in a European-owned hotel which displayed a sign forbidding entry to dogs and Indians, which deeply hurt him, prompting him to build a hotel for Indians. In 1898, the foundations of the Taj Mahal Hotel were laid. 

During the early 1900s, he made ambitious plans for a hydroelectric power plant and large-scale ironworks.

He went on a business trip to Germany in 1900 and became seriously ill there. He died on 19 May 1904 in Nauheim, Germany.

For his contributions, he is widely known as 'the father of the Indian industry.'

Jawaharlal Nehru said about JN Tata that "When you have to give the lead in action, in ideas — a lead which does not fit in with the very climate of opinion — that is true courage, physical or mental or spiritual, call it what you like, and it is this type of courage and vision that Jamsetji Tata showed. It is right that we should honour his memory and remember him as one of the big founders of modern India"

Prime Minister Narendra Modi released commemorative coins in 2015, honouring Jamsetji Tata on his 175th birth anniversary.