134th Congress Foundation Day: 10 Interesting Facts About The Oldest Political Party Of India

| December 28 , 2018 , 12:06 IST

The Indian National Congress celebrated its 134th Foundation Day on Friday. Rahul Gandhi, Manmohan Singh and several party leaders were at the Flag hoisting ceremony at the AICC Headquarters in New Delhi.

10 Facts About the oldest Political party of India:

* The Indian National Congress (INC) was founded in 1885. Headed by British civil servant Allan Octavian Hume, members of the Theosophical Society - Dadabhai Naoroji, Surendranath Banerjee, MG Ranade, Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee, Dinshaw Wacha, Monomohun Ghose and William Wedderburn established the Indian National Congress. Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee was the first president of the Congress.

* Only 72 delegates attended the foundation meeting in 1885 in Bombay. The next Congress session in Calcutta attracted 400 delegates from across the country.

*Five women have been Congress Presidents: Annie Besant, Sarojini Naidu, Nellie Sengupta, Indira Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi

*The last Congress session before Independence was held in Meerut in 1946.

*The Congress party played a pivotal role in the Indian freedom movement. With over 15 million members and 70 million participants, the party eventually ousted the imperial colonisers from India.

*The Election Symbol of the Congress party in 1885 was 'two bullocks with plough'. It was, however, changed to "right hand" symbol, with palm-side facing front by Indira Gandhi-led Congress in 1978.

*Indira Gandhi's son Rajiv Gandhi took over from her and became the youngest Prime Minister of India from 1984-89. In mid-1987, the Bofors scandal damaged his corruption-free image and resulted in a major defeat for his party in the 1989 election. He was assassinated in 1991 by a suicide bomber from the LTTE.

* Rajiv Gandhi was succeeded as party leader by PV Narasimha Rao who was elected prime minister in June 1991. He is often referred to as the "father of Indian economic reforms".

*Congress Governments have ruled at the Centre for 49 years after Independence.

*In December 2017, Rahul Gandhi was elected the President of the Congress, taking the party's reigns from his mother Sonia Gandhi who had helmed the country's oldest party for 19 long years.