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World Toilet Day- Sanitation, A Global Development Priority

PRERNA YADAV | 0
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| November 19 , 2018 , 16:26 IST

World Toilet Day (WTD) is an official United Nations international observance day on November 19 to inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis.

Sustainable Development Goal 6 aims to achieve sanitation for all and end open defecation. World Toilet Day exists to inform, engage and inspire people to take action toward achieving this goal.

India is on the greatest toilet-building spree in human history. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s $20bn (£15bn) “Clean India” mission aims to construct 111 million latrines in five years.

Almost 80 million household toilets are estimated to have been built since Modi’s 2014 pledge to ensure universal sanitation coverage by October 2019.

On World Toilet Day, PM Modi took to his Twitter account to thank women and youth for taking the lead in the sanitation drive.

According to the reports at the moment, 564 million people, that’s just under half the population in India, do not yet use a toilet. Instead, they go out in the open in open fields, railway tracks, garbage dumps, parks and roadside ditches.

Ending open defecation is not just about access to toilets it’s about generating demand for toilets and getting everyone to use them every single day.

Toilet use is not just important for the health of children, but for national progress. According to the World Bank, poor sanitation causes India economic losses amounting to 6.4% of India’s GDP in 2006 or USD 53.8 billion (Rs. 2.4 trillion) per year, which is equivalent to USD $43 for every Indian per year.

In today’s time, it is not only necessary to have a private toilet at home but also to have public toilets at places commonly visited by people such as museums, shopping malls, cinema halls etc. In certain countries, it is mandatory to set up public toilets at places.

On World Toilet Day, we must raise awareness and inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis, a topic that is often neglected and shrouded in taboos.