Too Much Salt Intake Can Be Injurious To Health

| April 7 , 2018 , 17:41 IST

People across the world are celebrating 'World Health Day' on Saturday. The World Health Organization (WHO) organizes World Health Day on April 7th each year, dedicated to achieving universal healthcare for all.

On this World Health Day, we bring you some tips on your Salt/Sodium intake. Have you ever wondered that while taking care of your health every minute, you could end up missing some very essential detail?

Yes, salt is very important for our body because of its central role in maintaining intravascular and extracellular volume, sodium is essential to human survival. Your body needs some sodium to function properly because it helps maintain the right balance of fluids in your body.

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Sodium is essential but should be taken in small amounts.

As per a WHO report, the consumptions of salt among Indians is very high. We are consuming more than double the recommended amount of salt, putting ourselves at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and early death, the study stated.

According to report, the average daily salt intake is 10.98 grams per day for Indians, which is against the WHO recommendation of 5gm.

Health Risks and Disease-Related to excessive Salt/Sodium intake-

High Blood Pressure

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition that is affecting many people. High intake of salt increases stress and eating diets rich in saturated fats, excessive intake of sodium increases the risk of developing it. If you already suffer from high blood pressure, reducing your salt intake could also reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke.

Fluid Retention

Also known as edema, fluid retention occurs when excess fluid accumulates in your body, including the skin. This condition can be caused by hormone changes, hot weather, and high salt intake. It is characterized by swelling of the hands, ankles and feet and a feeling of stiffness or aching. Reducing your salt intake and drinking a lot of water can help alleviate this condition.

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When the levels of sodium in your body are higher than is normal, this condition is known as hypernatremia. It is caused by a variety of factors, including certain drugs, abnormalities in your body that hinder water absorption, and reduced water intake. In rare instances, hypernatremia may also be caused by excessive salt consumption.

Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). Although a definite link between salt intake and cardiovascular disease is yet to be established, most studies agree that excessive consumption of salt increases the risk of cardiovascular disease

You can limit sodium by restricting the use of ready-mixed sauces, seasoning and salad dressings, frozen dinners, and canned soups, which are usually high in sodium. Choose products labeled "low sodium" that contain less than 140 mg of sodium per serving. Eat lots of fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables they contain important nutrients and very little sodium. When cooking try to adding salt to a limit.