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National Press Day 2018: Tracing The Journey Of Indian Media

PRERNA YADAV | 0
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| November 16 , 2018 , 14:02 IST

The National Press Day (NPD) is celebrated every year on November 16 as a symbol of a free and responsible press in India.

Portuguese were the first Europeans who introduced the printing press in India. Today, over the last 250 years, the press has come to occupy an undisputed position as the fourth and the strongest pillar of modern India. The modern press marked its beginning only after the advent of European Civilization in the country.

The media is, in the ultimate analysis, the culmination of participatory democracy.

History shows that human liberty cannot be secured unless there is freedom to express without fear or favour. The history of the Indian press truly reflects this belief. Indian freedom fighters and reformists during the period of subjugation to foreign rule naturally fought for the liberty of the press.

The Sepoy Mutiny, the first war of Indian Independence was a turning point in the history of Indian journalism.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy, the Pioneer Journalist and social reformer whom Nehru Considered as the founder of Indian Press, played a pivotal role in the growth and development of press in India. He published Brahmanical Magazine (English) in 1821, Sambad Kamudi in Bengali in 1821, Mirut-Ul Akhbar (Persian, 1822).

Bengal is considered as the birthplace of journalism in India. The language press also originated in Bengal.

The first Hindi weekly newspaper Oodunta Martand was Published from Calcutta in 1826. It was a short-lived newspaper. It could not survive long. 

The first Hindi daily Samachar Sudha varshan (1854) appeared from Calcutta.

Indian Print Media is one of the largest Print Media in the world, it's history dates back to 1980.

Though the press in India is a European institution, it owes its origin and growth not to the government but to the individuals who had in them the courage to lead.

The media scenario in India in the last 70 years has undergone a drastic change. Its freedom has been questioned time and again. But none can deny the fact that today, the press has occupied a significant position as one of the pillars of democracy in our country.

While journalism has grown in size, a matter of concern is that press freedom is questioned by all and India has slipped to the 138th position in terms of press freedom.

Insulting journalism and name-calling have become a trend and 14 journalists, including Gauri Lankesh, Shujaat Bukhari, have met been killed while on duty.

Gauri Lankesh

It is also sad that corruption and blackmailing have become part of journalism and there have been increasing efforts to silence the media.

 

tuhin samanta

Thanks for tha information.