On Mahavir Jayanti 2018, Know The Essential Teachings Of Mahavir Swami

| March 29 , 2018 , 17:41 IST

The Jain community across the world is celebrating Mahavir Jayanti on March 29. The occasion is believed to be one of the most sacred and auspicious festivals in the Jain community.

This day is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Mahavir Swami who is known to be the 24th and last spiritual teacher or Tirthankara of the Jain religion. Mahavir is considered to be the God of Jains.

According to Jain texts, Lord Mahavir was born on the thirteenth day of rising moon of Chaitra month, 599 B.C. in the state of Bihar, India. This day falls in the month of April as per English calendar. He was born was born in the palace of Vaishali to King Siddhartha and Queen Trisala. He was given the name Vardhaman by his parents.

Mahavir took over the kingdom when he came of age and ruled it for over 30 years after which he decided to give up all the redundancies and comforts of life to seek enlightenment and become a monk in search of a solution to eliminate pain, sorrow, and sufferings.

Important Teachings Of Mahavir Swami-

Belief in Soul and Karma:  According to Mahavira every element was a combination of material and spiritual factors. While the material factor is perishable, the spiritual factor is external and consistently evolving itself. He held that the soul was held in a state of bondage due to karma. He believed that the soul could be finally liberated only by the disintegration of Karmik force. 

Nirvana: He said that we must treat sufferings and happiness on equal planks. The chief object of life according to Maha­vira is to attain salvation. He, therefore, insisted on avoiding evil Karmas, prevent all kinds of fresh Karmas and destroy the existing ones.

Non-Belief in God: Mahavira did not believe in God nor did he believe that He created the world or exercised any personal control over it. According to him the world never comes to an end. No matter ends, it simply changes its form. Mahavira further believed that the emanci­pation of man does not depend on the mercy of any outside autho­rity. The man was the maker of his own destiny.

Rejection of Vedas: He rejected the theory of the Vedas widely and attached no importance to the sacrificial rituals of the Brahmans.

Ahimsa: Mahavira emphasised the importance of Ahimsa. According to him all creatures, animals, plants, stones, rocks etc. possess life and one should not do any harm to the other in speech, deed or action.

Freedom to Women: Mahavira favoured the freedom of women and believed that they also had the right to attain Nirvana. He said that men and women should be treated equally.

Satya: He emphasised the importance of truth, and said that we should speak the harmless truth only. Mahavir taught that truth is the idea of the supremacy of human life and stressed the importance of a positive attitude to life.

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