Developed nations must leave enough room for developing countries to grow, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, asserting that the life of a "few" should not crowd out the opportunities for the many still on the initial steps of the development ladder.
Noting that innovation is vital for combating climate change and ensuring climate justice, Modi also urged the world to come together in a partnership to bring clean energy within
the reach of all.
"We have to ensure, in the spirit of climate justice, that the life of a few does not crowd out the opportunities for the many still on the initial steps of the development ladder. The advanced countries must leave enough room for developing countries to grow. We must strive for a lighter carbon footprint on our growth path," Modi said at the Innovation Summit on the sidelines of the Conference of Parties (COP 21).
"For that we must come together in a partnership to bring clean energy within the reach of all. Innovation is vital for combating climate change and ensuring climate justice. We need research and innovation to make renewable energy much cheaper, more reliable and easier to connect to transmission grids," he said.
Noting that there is a need to make conventional energy cleaner while developing newer sources of renewable energy, Modi said this is a global responsibility for the collective future.
"Our innovation initiative should be driven by public purpose, not just market incentives, including on intellectual property. That also means strong public commitment by suppliers to developing countries," Modi said.
"That will make clean energy technology available, accessible and affordable for all. This partnership will combine the responsibility of governments with the innovative capacity of the private sector. We will double our investments in research and innovation and deepen collaboration among ourselves," he said.
Modi observed that there should be an international network of 30-40 universities and labs focusing for next ten years on renewable energy and said innovation must be backed by means to make it affordable and ensure adoption.
Earlier addressing the COP 21 conference Prime Minister Narendra Modi cautioned against any unilateral steps that will lead to an economic barrier in the battle against climate change as he hoped that the developed countries would mobilise USD 100 billion annually by 2020 for mitigation and adaptation.
Modi also hoped that the developed countries will fulfil their commitments in a transparent manner.
"The principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities must remain the bedrock of our collective enterprise," Modi said, adding that there should be aggressive
mitigative action by developed countries by 2020.
Modi also underlined the need for a national will and genuine global partnership while taking steps to hammer out a climate change deal.
"We look to the developed countries to mobilise 100 billion US Dollars annually by 2020 for mitigation and adaptation," he said.
Modi later left for New Delhi after wrapping up his two-day visit here during which he attended the crucial climate change conference and launched the India-mooted International Solar Alliance.