India's Maternal Mortality Rate Drops From 167 To 130 Per 100,000 Live Births

| June 7 , 2018 , 11:54 IST

Indian maternal mortality rate has fallen from 167 in 2011-13 to 130 in 2014-16 per 100,000 live births, new data released by the registrar general of India on Thursday showed. Since 1990, India has reduced its maternal mortality rate by more than 69 percent.

Kerala is leading with only 46 maternal mortality rate as compared to former 61, followed by Maharashtra with 61 in comparison to the former 68 and Tamil Nadu with 66 as compared to 79.

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The states with the worst maternal mortality rates are Assam, with 237 deaths per 100,000 as compared to previous 300, followed by Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand with 201 dates as compared to previous 285 and Rajasthan with 199 as compared to previous 244.

According to the data, the decline has been most significant in the "empowered action group (EAG)" states such as Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Assam where economic and development indicators are of concern. Despite having the highest decline, the MMR continues to be substantially high in the EAG states.

The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is an indication of the quality of safe deliveries and maternal care and is a field in which India has lagged in comparison to neighbouring nations of China, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives.

Overall, India is ranked 129 among 184 nations on maternal mortality rates by the World Bank, with Greece holding the number 1 rank with only 3 deaths per 100,000 live births.