Rising Air Pollution In Delhi-NCR Can Lead To Stroke, Says Neurologists

| October 29 , 2017 , 19:34 IST

National Capital of India along with the nearby regions are facing a severe situation in terms of air pollution. People are well-aware of the ill-effects of the deteriorating situation but the hardly know about the potential stroke among adults, as warned by the health experts.

Challenging the earlier speculations which suggested that pollution only raises the risk of heart diseases, it was now found that the evil can also damage one's inner linings of veins and arteries as well.

Praveen Gupta, Director Neurology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram said, "In the current scenario, the situation is getting worse. Many young patients in the 30-40 age group suffer from a stroke. We get around 2-3 patients almost every month.

She further added, "The number of young stroke patients has almost doubled as compared to last few years. Studies suggest major risk factors include soaring air pollution."

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The higher level of pollution leads to the rising rate of dead cells in the bloodstream as estimated by the Research bodies. They confirm that polluted environment promotes the situation of strokes and persuade it to surface at an early stage.

Reportedly, 15 million people suffer a stroke annually, out of which more than six million die while fighting for life whereas five million are left to suffer from permanent disabilities such as loss of sight and speech, paralysis and confusion.

As October 29 was celebrated as World Stroke Day globally, IANS talked to experts who emphasised that indoor air pollution caused by the usage of solid fuels contributes to stroke whereas in rural areas the percentage increases by 20 times.

Jaideep Bansal, the head neurologist at Saroj Super Speciality Hospital said, "Women inhaling the household fumes are at a 40 percent higher risk of getting a stroke. The reason being the carbon monoxide and particulate matter from burning solid fuels tend to reduce the levels of HDL (high-density lipoprotein).

He further said, "This, in turn, prevents the removal of LDL (low-density lipoprotein) from the body leading to hardening of the arteries."

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The statistics by WHO claims that 4.3 million people die in India every year from the exposure of household air pollution. Surveys suggest that over 30 crore people in Indian households use the traditional stoves or open fires to cook or heat their homes with solid fuels such as coal, wood, charcoal, crop waste.

According to neurologists, recognisable symptoms, known often as a 'mini-stroke' will occur prior to getting a stroke attack which is often known as a mini-stroke.

Atul Prasad, Director and Senior Neurology Consultant at BLK Super Specialty Hospital said, "Though it lasts only for a minute but certainly indicates the onset of a major stroke attack within 48-72 hours."

He added, "Delay in treatment can lead to loss of 2 million neurons each minute. This happens due to the fact that the blood flow to certain part of the brain is blocked by the clot formed due to inhalation of compounds like carbon monoxide and particulate matter."