Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday pressed for UNSC reform within a "fixed timeframe" in the current session of the UNGA, saying the world body reflects
the mindset of a century "we left behind" and is not in tune with new concerns like terrorism and climate change.
PM Modi said that "reform of UN Security Council has become an urgent and important task which must include the world's biggest democracy."
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German Chancellor Angela Merkel, left, speaks to India Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the Sustainable Development Summit 2015, Friday, Sept. 25, 2015 at United Nations headquarters. (Photo: AP)[/caption]
Hosting a Summit of leaders of Germany, Japan and Brazil under the G-4 format here, he said the UNSC "must include the world's largest democracies, major locomotives of the global economy, and voices from all the major continents" to carry "greater credibility and legitimacy".
It will make it more representative and effective in addressing the challenges of the 21st century, he said at the Summit meeting with Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel, Japanese
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, the first since 2004.
PM said that UN reflects a century "we left behind", not the century "we live in" as challenges and threats are different now.
Modi noted that "some movement" had been witnessed recently in the decades-old endeavour when the UNGA took the "significant step" to commence text-based negotiations on the reforms but said it has to be taken to its logical conclusion during the current 70th session of the global body.
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"Our institutions, approaches, and often mindsets, reflect the wisdom of the century we have left behind, not the century we live in. This is especially true of the United Nations
Security Council," the Prime Minister said.
"The reform of the Security Council within a fixed time frame has become an urgent and important task," he said, while talking about the modern age challenges like trends in
demography, urbanization and migrations.
"Climate change and terrorism are new concerns. Cyber and Space are entirely new frontiers of opportunities and challenges, he said.
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G-4 is a grouping which has been jointly pushing for reform of the UN Security Council to make it broad-based by including them as permanent members.
A top official said the G-4 bloc of India, Japan, Brazil and Germany will give a "strong push" to inter- governmental negotiations for achieving early UNSC reform when its leaders meet for a summit today.
The G-4 summit, hosted by India, will be the first since 2004 and will bring together Prime Minister Narendra Modi, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
The leaders will issue a joint statement at the end of their meeting. The summit came together as an event only after the September 14 consensus adoption by the General Assembly of a negotiating document and the decision to commence text-based negotiations on UNSC reforms in the current session.
Ministry of External Affairs Spokesperson Vikas Swarup said the "four leaders are meeting once again to give a very strong push to inter-governmental negotiations for UN Security Council reform."
The 193-member General Assembly had adopted by consensus a negotiating text that encapsulates all proposals made by various UN members include UNSC reform, the veto and number of new permanent and non-permanent members in a reformed Council.
The text will now form the basis for negotiations to resume when the Inter-Governmental Negotiations resume in November.
Swarup said the G-4 summit assumes significance in the backdrop of the UNGA decision.
It is only the second time that a G4 summit is being held, the first was in 2004 when the grouping was formed with the four very important countries coming together to give a strong push to Council reform.
Swarup further said that UN reform is not restricted to an overhaul of the Council but also includes reforms in the world body's governance structure.
Underscoring that the expansion and reform of the 15- nation Council is very important, Swarup said when the world body was formed there were only 51 countries but today its membership has reached to 193 countries.
The Council has been expanded only once between 1963-1965 when a resolution was passed to increase the non-permanent members from 11 to 15.
"This gives a feeling to us that the UN Security Council of 2015 is a mirror of the geo-political realities of 1945 and not that of the 21st century," Swarup said, adding that only a reformed Council would be capable to properly address the challenges of the present days.
"We have the challenge of cyber security, international terrorism. There are wars in three continents, but Security Council is incapable of addressing them. Why? Because it is neither representative and there are questions on its legitimacy," Swarup said, adding that there is also a need to determine the relationship between the Security Council and the General Assembly.