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Black Day Or Shaurya Diwas; Babri Masjid Demolition Will Never Be Forgotten

DIVYIA ASTHANA | 0
1927
| December 6 , 2017 , 10:23 IST

Although 25 years have passed since the demolition of the Babri Masjid on December 6, 1992, the day remains one that cannot be forgotten. While some are hailing the day as a 'Shaurya Diwas' praising the chivalry of the volunteers who brought down the ancient mosque, others are seeing it as a 'Black Day' in the history of India's secularism.

The Babri Masjid was built in Ayodhya in 1528 by Mughal General Mir Baqi after the Mughal invasion of North India and was named after the then emperor Babur. According to reports, Baqi destroyed a pre-existing temple of Lord Rama in Ayodhya, considered to be the birthplace Lord Rama, and built the Barbi Masjid there.

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For centuries, the site was used by both Hindus and Muslims for religious purposes, until 1949 when idols of Rama were spotted inside the mosque, leading to an uproar between the two religious communities. Both the communities filed civil suits laying claim to the Ayodhya land. From the 1980s, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) intensified its campaign for the construction of a lord Rama temple at the site of the Babri Masjid.

The protests and demands for a Ram temple in Ayodhya increased, and on December 6, 1992, the VHP and the BJP organised a rally at the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya. Nearly 1.5 lakh volunteers, known as 'kar sevaks' attended the rally which was addressed by BJP leaders L K Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and Umar Bharti.

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During the rally, the crowd grew more restless and began raising militant slogans. Around noon, a young man slipped past the security cordon around the Babri Masjid and climbed the mosque itself, brandishing a saffron flag, which was seen as a signal by the mob who then stormed the structure. The police, vastly outnumbered and unprepared fled, while the mob used axes, hammers and grappling hooks to level the mosque to the ground within hours.

The demolition of the mosque in Ayodhya led to communal riots across India, resulting in the death of more than 2,000 people.

A total of 68 people were held responsible for the demolition, including several top BJP leaders.