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At The Brink Of Hypoglycemia? Researchers Have A New Tool For Diagnosis

न्यूज़ वर्ल्ड इंडिया | 0
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| August 22 , 2017 , 15:35 IST

Many diabetes patients are admitted in emergency units due to low blood sugar which earlier couldn't be detected. A group of researchers has now found a practical tool for identifying the diabetes patients who are at a high risk of severe hypoglycemia.

More than 25 million diabetic Americans face long-term complications and death due to high blood sugar. A recent study claimed that the new finding can help in reducing the consequences. 

Study’s lead author, Andrew J. Karter, PhD, senior research scientist with the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research said, "Sometimes a person with diabetes is unaware that their blood sugar is dropping and can progress quickly into severe hypoglycemia, which has been associated with falls, automobile accidents, heart attacks, coma, and even death."

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Karter further added, "Hypoglycemia is often preventable with the proper clinical attention, and we believe this tool will help focus that attention on the patients who most need it."An estimate of 100,000 hypoglycemia-related adverse events

An estimate of 100,000 hypoglycemia-related adverse events results in emergency room visits every year in the United States. Hypoglycemia is one of the most frequent adverse events in patients with type two of diabetes.Andrew noted that older patients or those with a longer history of diabetes are particularly susceptible

Andrew noted that older patients or those with a longer history of diabetes are particularly susceptible to low blood sugar issues.
Hypoglycemia risk stratification tool identified 156 possible risk factors for hypoglycemia from more than 200,000 patients with type two diabetes who are being treated at Kaiser Permanente in Northern California.

A model to predict a patient’s 12-month risk of hypoglycemia-related emergency has been developed using machine-learning analytical techniques.

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The final tool's model was based on six variables including the number of prior episodes of hypoglycemia-related emergencies, use of insulin, use of sulfonylurea which is an oral medication commonly used to treat diabetes, severe or end-stage kidney disease and the number of emergency room visits for any reason in the past year.

The practical tool was created and validated by the researchers to categorize the patients into high (greater than 5 %), intermediate (1-5 %) or low (less than 1 %) annual risk of hypoglycemia-related emergencies.

The tool was finally validated with data from more than 1.3 million members of the U.S. Veterans Health Administration along with nearly 15,000 Kaiser Permanente members in Washington state with type 2 diabetes.