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On the National Science Day, Union Minister of Human Resource Development (MHRD) Prakash Javadekar greeted all the Scientist of India and announced approval of Scheme for Translational & Advanced Research in Science stars and provided fund of Rs.250 crore for 500 science projects on a competitive basis.
Greetings to all scientists on this #NationalScienceDay . Happy to announce approval of Scheme for Translational & Advanced Research in Science #STARS for Rs.250 Cr to fund about 500 science projects on competitive basis.@PMOIndia @narendramodi @mygovindia @HRDMinistry— Prakash Javadekar (@PrakashJavdekar) February 28, 2019
Certainly, National Science Day is celebrated across India on February 28. Famous Indian scientist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman or CV Raman discovered the Raman effect on this day in 1928. For his discovery, Sir CV Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
In honour of this discovery and as a mark of tribute to the scientist, National Science Day was marked for the first time on February 28, 1987. For the past 32 years, on every 28th February, the day has been celebrated as a remembrance of CV Raman's contribution to science and the Indian scientific community.
Indian Scientist has made their mark all across the world, let’s have a look at some Renowned scientist:-
P.J ABDUL KALAM - was the project director of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near-earth orbit in July 1980, Kalam also made an effort to develop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful. Kalam developed many missiles under the mission including Agni and Prithvi. The Pokhran-II nuclear tests were also conducted he played an intensive political and technological role.
Homi J. Bhabha – Bhabha is generally acknowledged as the father of Indian nuclear power. However, few people know that he was absolutely against India manufacturing atomic bombs, even if the country had enough resources to do so. Instead, he suggested that the production of an atomic reactor should be used to lessen India’s misery and poverty.
Visvesvaraya - Sir M V suggested that India try to be on par with industrialized nations as he believed that India can become developed through industries.
He has the credit of inventing ‘automatic sluice gates’ and ‘block irrigation system’ which are still considered to be marvels in engineering. Each year, his birthday 15 September is celebrated as Engineer’s Day in India.
Venkatraman Radhakrishnan - He was an internationally acclaimed Astrophysicist and also known for his design and fabrication of ultralight aircraft and sailboats. His observations and theoretical insights helped the community in unravelling many mysteries surrounding pulsars, interstellar clouds, galaxy structures, and various other celestial bodies.
Satyendra Nath Bose - SN Bose was an Indian physicist specializing in quantum mechanics. He is, of course, most remembered for his role played in the class of particles 'bosons', which were named after him by Paul Dirac to commemorate his work in the field. Bose adapted a lecture at the University of Dhaka on the theory of radiation and the ultraviolet catastrophe into a short article called “Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta” and sent it to Albert Einstein. Einstein agreed with him, translated Bose’s paper “Planck’s Law and Hypothesis of Light Quanta” into German, and had it published in Zeitschrift für Physik under Bose’s name, in 1924. This formed the basis of the Bose-Einstein Statistics.
Srinivasa Ramanujan - By age 11, he had exhausted the mathematical knowledge of two college students who were lodgers at his home. He was later lent a book on advanced trigonometry written by S. L. Loney. He completely mastered this book by the age of 13 and discovered sophisticated theorems on his own.
Jagadish Chandra Bose- Acharya J.C. Bose was a man of many talents. Born on 30 November 1858 in Bikrampur, West Bengal, he was a polymath, physicist, biologist, botanist, and archaeologist. He pioneered the study of radio and microwave optics, made important contributions to the study of plants and laid the foundation of experimental science in the Indian sub-continent. He was the first person to use semiconductor junctions to detect radio signals, thus demonstrating wireless communication for the first time.
He is also probably the father of open technology, as he made his inventions and work freely available for others to further develop. His reluctance for patenting his work is legendary.
Another of his well-known inventions is the crescograph, through which he measured plant response to various stimuli and hypothesized that plants can feel pain, understand affection etc.
Vikram Sarabhai - Considered as the Father of India’s space programme, Vikram Sarabhai was born on 12 August 1919 in the city of Ahmedabad in Gujarat. He was instrumental in the setting up of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
Prafulla Chandra Ray - Famous academician and chemist, known for being the founder of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals, India’s first pharmaceutical company.
Here are some of the brainy quotes of CV Raman to inspire lovers of science:
- Ask the right questions, and nature will open the doors to her secrets
- The true wealth of a nation consists not in the stored- up gold but in the intellectual and physical strength of its people.
- Science is a fusion of man's aesthetic and intellectual functions devoted to the representations of nature. It is, therefore, the highest form of creative art.